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Elephants in the wild Questions & Answers (FAQs)

How many Elephants are left in the world?

While some African elephant populations are growing primarily in southern Africa, other areas are seeing decreasing populations. A lot of work has been done trying to determine how many elephants are left in the world, but it’s incredibly difficult to get accurate numbers. Experts can only guess at the total number of African elephants remaining.

One commonly accepted estimate is that there are about 400,000 African Elephants remaining, and between 50,000 and 100,000 Asian elephants left living in the wild.

The African Elephant population has dropped by 62% in the last decade and is expected to drop another 30% by 2025 making them an endangered species.

In fact, the elephant is labelled as “critically endangered” with WWF (World Wildlife Fund) and other organisations trying various conservation efforts to help stop the killing of these threatened species.


The Elephant population as of 2022

As mentioned, a commonly accepted estimate says that there are about 450,000 to 500,000 elephants left in the world. However, some experts postulate that this number could be way off, saying that it’s more likely about 350,000.

The number of elephants in the world is constantly changing due to ivory poaching and habitat loss.

How many Elephants are left in the World? by ElephantGuide on YouTube.

African elephants left in the world

There are an estimated 400,000 African elephants left in the world. The countries with the highest populations are Botswana, which has an estimated 100,000 to 130,000 elephants and Zimbabwe, which has a population of around 100,000.

Several African countries have fewer than 1,000 elephants, including Eritrea and Equatorial Guinea. It’s estimated that the savanna elephant make up about 20 percent of the entire elephant population in Africa.

Table Overview of Elephant Population remaining in Africa by Country

Below you’ll find an overview of the Elephant populations per country in Africa. The table is sorted from largest to smallest. We’ve also added a note on what year the estimation was made (to the best of our sources knowledge).

CountryEstimated Number of ElephantsYear of Estimation
Botswana130,0002021
Zimbabwe100,0002021
Tanzania60,0002021
Kenya35,5002022
South Africa24,0002020
Zambia22,0002016
Gabon10,000 to 15,0002020
Mozambique10,8002022
DR Congo7,0002021
Cameroon6,5002021
Uganda4,8642016
Angola3,395Unknown
Malawi8002016
Ethiopia8002016
Chad7502016
Nigeria400Unknown
Mali2502016
Table with estimated population of Elephants in Africa by Country

Asian elephants left in the world

There are between 36,000 and 52,000 wild Asian elephants, with about 1/3 of those — 17,000 to 26,000 — living in India.

Other countries with the largest Asian elephant populations include Thailand (12,000–15,000), Indonesia (8,000) and Malaysia (4,500).

The Asian elephant is listed as endangered with extinction by the IUCN.

Table Overview of Elephant Population remaining in Asia by Country

Below you’ll find an overview of the Elephant populations per country in Asia. We’ve also added the states and union territories split for India, as populations vary.

The table is sorted from largest to smallest. We’ve also added a note on what year the estimation was made (to the best of our sources knowledge).

CountryEstimated Number of ElephantsYear of Estimation
India17,000 to 26,0002021
– Karnataka State6,0492016
– Assam5,7192016
– Kerala5,7062016
– Tamil Nadu2,7062016
– Odisha1,9762016
– Uttarakhand1,8392016
– Arunachal Pradesh1,6142016
– West Bengal, Jharkhand, Nagaland, Chhattisgarh, Uttar pradesh and Tripura100 to 7002016
Sri lanka7,5002021
Thailand3,800Unknown
Indonesia1,200 to 2,4002022
Myanmar2,000Unknown
Malaysia1,220 to 1,7002022
Laos8002022
China200 to 250Unknown
Vietnam1002021
Table with estimated population of Elephants in Asia by Country

Male elephants left in the world

The male elephant population is much smaller than the female population. In fact, it’s estimated that there are only about 20,000 African bull elephants left in the wild.

African bulls have been killed for their ivory throughout history, but current poaching rates have increased significantly from 2007 to 2013.

Asian bull elephants make up a larger portion of the male population. There are between 40,000 and 45,000 Indian elephants, which make up 60 percent of the Asian elephant population.


(Photo by Michael Bennett on Unsplash)

Table Overview of Elephants Remaining in the World, by Country and Region

The below table is simply a combined version of the African and Asian overview tables above.

CountryEstimated Number of ElephantsYear of Estimation
Botswana130,0002021
Zimbabwe100,0002021
Tanzania60,0002021
Kenya35,5002022
India17,000 to 26,0002021
South Africa24,0002020
Zambia22,0002016
Gabon10,000 to 15,0002020
Mozambique10,8002022
Sri lanka7,5002021
DR Congo7,0002021
Cameroon6,5002021
Uganda4,8642016
Thailand3,800Unknown
Angola3,395Unknown
Indonesia1,200 to 2,4002022
Myanmar2,000Unknown
Malaysia1,220 to 1,7002022
Laos8002022
Malawi8002016
Ethiopia8002016
Chad7502016
Nigeria400Unknown
Mali2502016
China200 to 250Unknown
Vietnam1002021
Table with estimated population of Elephants by Country and Region

Great Elephant Census (GEC)

In 2016, the now late Paul Allen, co-founder of Microsoft set out to sponsor a project to prove that Africa’s Elephant population was decreasing.

The team did this in what was called the Great Elephant Census: Counting Africa’s Elephants.

See results from the Great Elephant Census. We’ve lifted out data from that study into the table above. Those populations are marked with “Year of Estimation: 2016” in the above table.

Counting Africa’s Elephants, by GEC on YouTube.

Biggest reasons the elephant population is decreasing

There are a lot of different reasons by the elephant population is decreasing. The primary reasons are poaching for the illegal trade of ivory, growing human populations in rural areas and therefore the loss of habitat for the elephants.

Elephant poaching

African elephants are being poached at an alarming rate for their tusks. The number of elephants killed in 2014 was the highest it’s been in 25 years, with about 33,000 Africans elephants being illegally slaughtered by poachers for ivory.

Thailand has become a hub for illegal trade in wildlife products, especially ivory.

One of the most significant milestones in the battle against illegal elephant poaching was the consumer boycott of ivory. This led directly to China’s decision to ban domestic sales of ivory by the end of 2017, which is key to reducing demand for African tusks.

Elephants are also poached for medicinal purposes or simply for their meat.

Human wildlife conflict

As populations grow, humans are encroaching on some elephant habitats. This often leads to conflict between the two species as elephants destroy crops or harm people.

Elephants are also killed because they accidentally damage infrastructure such as roads and railways. India has an estimated 100,000 incidents of human-elephant conflict per year, which results in about 400 deaths.

Illegal trade of ivory tusks

Ivory is illegally traded all around the world, but some of the worst offenders are countries in Africa. Ivory often travels through multiple middlemen before reaching its final destination.

Tradition in some areas is one of the main reasons why they kill elephants, even when it isn’t needed for food or medicine.

It’s estimated that the illegal trade of ivory tusks is worth about $10 billion per year. The price currently paid for raw ivory in Asia, according to an investigation by the Wildlife Justice Commission, is currently between $597/kg and $689/kg, in U.S. dollars.

In some cases elephants are even killed by poachers, who saw off their tusks while the animals are alive and then leave them to bleed to death.

Tusks that aren’t carved for sale or kept as trophies by hunters end up in two main markets – China and Thailand – where elephant tusks are used for ornamental carvings, chopsticks, hairpins and other trinkets.

Habitat loss

The elephant has been rapidly decreasing as a result of humans cutting down forests for development or farming purposes, generally leading to fragmentation of the once large home range that elephants need to live.

In addition to deforestation, man-made barriers have been blocking important migration routes and access to water sources for elephants.

Habitat fragmentation leads to issues with disease outbreaks, as elephants are forced to cross dangerous areas they wouldn’t normally cross in order to reach food and water. This also causes issues with their genetics, as small populations of the species don’t mix very often or at all.


FAQ on the Elephant populations

How many elephants are left in the world in 2022?

It’s estimated that there are about 400,000-450,000 African elephants, and 35,000-55,000 Asian elephants left in the world today.

What percentage of Asian elephants are left in the wild?

The percentage of Asian elephants that are left in the wild is about 60%.

How many elephants are killed each day?

It’s estimated that on average, about 90-110 elephants are killed each day by poachers.

Who has the most elephants in the world?

Botswana is said to have somewhere between 130,000-150,000 elephants left, while South Africa comes in second with around 100,000.

How long until elephants are extinct?

As poaching continues to be a problem, the African elephant could go extinct in as few as 10 years if we don’t work fast enough.

What percentage of elephants were killed by poachers?

About half of all elephants that were killed in Africa between 2010 and 2012 were killed by poachers.

How many elephants were left in the world 100 years ago?

In the early 1900s, there were an estimated 10 million elephants in Africa and Asia.

What percentage of all elephants were killed from 2010 to 2012?

Somewhere between 3% and 4% of all African elephant were killed from 2010 to 2012, which is about 30,000 elephants.

Article by Olivia Garcia

Olivia Garcia is originally from Texas. She fell in love with Elephants during a trip to Africa in the early 2010s, where she got to see these beautiful creatures up close. She spent a total of 6 months at the Desert Elephants Volunteer Project in Namibia, living amongst elephants.

Today, she lives with her husband and two kids in Texas. Olivia dreams about one day taking her kids to Africa to show them where she fell in love with elephants!

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